雅思写作万能表达之“剥夺”

2018-01-18编辑: 长安来自: 环球教育

  “剥夺某人某物”是一个万用的地道表达,不但可以应用在在雅思写作中应对各类话题,而且剑桥阅读文章也很偏爱他。沈阳环球教育栗源锶老师下面就请大家跟着剑桥阅读学会这个地道表达,便可无缝嫁接全球化、政府、犯罪等各类话题,使自己的作文更加“学术范”、“剑桥风”。


  下面就先来记下这个表达:

  deprive sb. of sth. 剥夺某人某物

  我们先来看一道全球化的题目:英语成为世界通用语的好坏

  English has become a universal language. Do you think that the positive effects of this trend outweigh negative effects?

  题目浅析:英语成为通用语促进交流English as global lingua franca facilitates cross-cultural communication. 也使非英语为母语的人能更好的欣赏英语文化the expansion of English also enables people whose native tongue is not English to appreciate the English-speaking cultures more efficiently and more fully.坏处:威胁到语言的多样性pose a threat to linguistic diversity.

  我们可以借鉴剑桥阅读中的观点,使我们的写作更加剑桥风。剑桥雅思4 Test2 Passage1 Lost for Words中就用到了“deprive sb. of sth. 剥夺某人某物”。

  剑桥原文:Language is intimately bound up with culture, so it may be difficult to preserve one without another. The loss of diversity may deprive us of different ways of looking at the world.

  语言与文化是紧密相连的,很难保护一个不保护另一个。语言多样性的缺失会剥夺看待世界的不同方式。

  这一表达也可应用到政府类的话题中,尤其适用于讨论政府与公民自由的题目:

  1.政府是否应该限制艺术家的自由

  Creative artists should always be given the freedom to express their own ideas (in words, pictures, music or film) in whichever way they wish. There should be no government restrictions on what they do.

  To what extend do you agree or disagree?

  题目浅析:艺术家的自由应该被尊重,但政府也应该适当限制some restrictions made by the government serve useful purposes, as certain methods of artistic expression are not so widely accepted socially.

  观点句:在民主社会,剥夺艺术家的自由是不可以接受的。相反,他们有权利自由表达观点。

  In a democratic society, it is unacceptable to deprive artists of their freedom. Instead, they should be entitled to express their ideals freely.

  解释自由表达观点的好处(艺术作品的功能)

  Many artworks today provide a platform where people can expose political scandals and social problems.

  反面假设:

  If too many restrictions are imposed on artists, their creativity would be stifled and their artworks may help manipulate the public.

  2.政府是否应该要求人们过一个健康的生活方式。

  Some people say that the government should require people to lead a healthy lifestyle, while others believe individuals should have their own choice. Discuss and give your opinion.

  题目浅析:政府可以encourage或advocate,但不可以require.

  观点:政府的干涉会剥夺人们自由选择权。这尤其在民主社会不可以接受,因为这与人权应该被尊重的民主精神相违背。

  Government's intervention in personal lifestyle, in no small measure, deprives people of freedom of choices. This is especially unacceptable in modern democratic countries because it run counter to the spirit of democracy that human rights should deserve full consideration and respect.

  这一表达也可应用于犯罪类:

  长期监禁是否是好的惩罚罪犯的方法。

  A longer prison term as a way of punishing those who break the law is not as good as other methods. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

  题目浅析:能起到威慑作用acts as a deterrent,但不是最好的方法,对罪犯的改造更有必要rehabilitation.

  观点:Long-term imprisonment can act as a deterrent to would-be criminals.

  解释:knowing that they will be deprived of freedom, potential criminals would carefully weigh the cost of committing a crime.

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